суббота, 4 июня 2016 г.

How to Plant Fruit Trees

How to Plant Fruit Trees
How to Plant Fruit Trees

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The past three weeks on our homestead have been all about fruit trees. When I placed my orders in February, perhaps I was a wee bit overzealous, and I ordered a lot of trees (18 to be exact), fruiting bushes (a modest 6) and raspberries (only 12!) Planting fruit trees is like a celebration of finally owning our little piece of land and an investment in the future, so the more the merrier, right?


Well, sort of right. The thing about fruit trees is that you really need to take care siting and planting them. All winter long I’ve been placing markers at potential sites, reading books about orchard management (The Holistic Orchard is my favorite), and drooling over fruit tree catalogs (I ordered from One Green World and St. Lawrence Nurseries). Yet somehow, with all that dreaming and planning, I kind of neglected to think about how much time it takes to properly prepare a hole for planting. There is a popular saying in the orchard world, “Buy a $5 tree, but dig a $50 hole,” so here are our best tips on how to create a $50 hole for the best planting success.


How to Plant Fruit Trees

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1) Prep time! First, prepare the planting site by first scraping and removing the sod in a 2-3 foot diameter circle.


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2) Dig deep! As you excavate your hole, move soil to piles; topsoil is moved to one pile, and subsoil to another. In our holes, the topsoil was rich and brown, while the subsoil was a heavy reddish clay.


We found it easiest to lay cardboard down next to the hole and place the soil upon the cardboard, making it really easy to lift and shake the last bits of dirt into the hole.


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Three piles: sod, subsoil and topsoil.


3) Rough up the hole. After digging to a depth of 1 1/2 – 2ft, rough up the bottoms and sides of the hole, which makes it easier for roots to penetrate the heavy clay.


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Trees and bushes were kept heeled into our big compost pile until we were ready to plant.


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4) Determine the proper depth for planting. We used a long stick across the hole so it was easy to determine the proper level at which to plant the tree.


5) Refill. Now it’s time to place the contents of the hole back in the opposite order: sod first, topsoil around the roots of the tree, and subsoil last. While it’s important to treat the roots with care, you can gently tamp the soil into place.


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6) Water and mulch. After planting, I like to heap a large wheelbarrow load of composted horse manure in a bowl shape around the tree. Then the tree gets a nice big drink of water now, and once a week during the first year (unless the tree receives an inch of rain).


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7) Protect! If your orchard is not fenced in, you may want to take the time right now to consider fencing. We experience rabbit damage if we leave our fruit tree trunks un-fenced, so now, as we plant, we wrap a 12-18″ wire fence in a circle at a 6″ distance from the trunk.


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Start your orchard off on the right foot by preparing and planting with care. This photo tutorial will teach you how to plant a fruit tree in your backyard or homestead orchard. | Homestead Honey
","discussion":{"numPages":1,"confidence":0.42933153422044623,"diffbotUri":"discussion|3|-957455626","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","numPosts":20,"type":"discussion","title":"How to Plant Fruit Trees","posts":[{"date":"Mon, 22 Apr 2013 21:23:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Glenn Stoops says","diffbotUri":"post|3|1340771773","html":"

I can see topsoil for the roots to work with, but why sod at the bottom? Love, GA

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":0,"text":"I can see topsoil for the roots to work with, but why sod at the bottom? Love, GA","type":"post"},{"date":"Mon, 22 Apr 2013 21:41:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"homesteadhoney","authorUrl":"http://homesteadhoney.wordpress.com","diffbotUri":"post|3|47908185","html":"

The sod goes in grass side down. So the idea is that it will decompose and make some nice rich compost below the roots, and as they grow, they can access the nutrients. Then you gently tuck the topsoil around the roots.

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":1,"text":"The sod goes in grass side down. So the idea is that it will decompose and make some nice rich compost below the roots, and as they grow, they can access the nutrients. Then you gently tuck the topsoil around the roots.","type":"post","parentId":0},{"date":"Mon, 22 Apr 2013 21:25:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Kathleen says","diffbotUri":"post|3|-277597704","html":"

I’ll love to later hear later about the fruits of your labor!


Auntie


Sent from my iPad

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":2,"text":"I’ll love to later hear later about the fruits of your labor!
Auntie
Sent from my iPad","type":"post"},{"date":"Mon, 22 Apr 2013 21:43:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"homesteadhoney","authorUrl":"http://homesteadhoney.wordpress.com","diffbotUri":"post|3|987959774","html":"

The fruits will be a long time coming! I wish it was as simple as just putting them in the ground and then eating lots of fruit! I did plant some fall-bearing raspberries that should fruit this year, and I’m going to grab some strawberry plants from our neighbor, so hopefully we’ll get to enjoy those too. Oh, and I almost forgot the gooseberries that I dug up from my garden in Oregon and transplanted here. They look great and are of bearing age. Luckily there are wild gooseberries, black raspberries, and autumn olives on the property, so I should be able to forage a bit in the wild!

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":3,"text":"The fruits will be a long time coming! I wish it was as simple as just putting them in the ground and then eating lots of fruit! I did plant some fall-bearing raspberries that should fruit this year, and I’m going to grab some strawberry plants from our neighbor, so hopefully we’ll get to enjoy those too. Oh, and I almost forgot the gooseberries that I dug up from my garden in Oregon and transplanted here. They look great and are of bearing age. Luckily there are wild gooseberries, black raspberries, and autumn olives on the property, so I should be able to forage a bit in the wild!","type":"post","parentId":2},{"date":"Tue, 23 Apr 2013 04:11:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"oldschoolonestop","authorUrl":"http://oldschoolpreppinghomesteadingselfreliance.wordpress.com/","diffbotUri":"post|3|550957873","html":"

love the cardboard idea

looks like you have a wonderful garden starting already

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":4,"text":"love the cardboard idea
looks like you have a wonderful garden starting already","type":"post"},{"date":"Tue, 23 Apr 2013 10:57:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"homesteadhoney","authorUrl":"http://homesteadhoney.wordpress.com","diffbotUri":"post|3|1059306284","html":"

The cardboard made things so much easier!

Yes, we really do have a great beginning! Now I just have to finish my sheet mulching project so I can start planting!

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":5,"text":"The cardboard made things so much easier!
Yes, we really do have a great beginning! Now I just have to finish my sheet mulching project so I can start planting!","type":"post","parentId":4},{"date":"Tue, 23 Apr 2013 12:20:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Tatiana","authorUrl":"http://gravatar.com/getupandflyaway","diffbotUri":"post|3|1812559274","html":"

St Lawrence Nursery is only about 45 minutes away from where I live! The folks who teach sustainable ag and permaculture here love taking our students to the nursery for field trips and we have a bunch of their fruit trees and berry bushes in our college garden

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":6,"text":"St Lawrence Nursery is only about 45 minutes away from where I live! The folks who teach sustainable ag and permaculture here love taking our students to the nursery for field trips and we have a bunch of their fruit trees and berry bushes in our college garden","type":"post"},{"date":"Tue, 23 Apr 2013 13:52:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"homesteadhoney","authorUrl":"http://homesteadhoney.wordpress.com","diffbotUri":"post|3|1429092276","html":"

That’s so cool! I’d love to see their set up. They have great plants and fantastic resources. And I love that I had to fill out the order form in pen and send it in with a check. When you’re ready to plant your own fruit trees, they have a great selection of cold-hardy fruits!

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":7,"text":"That’s so cool! I’d love to see their set up. They have great plants and fantastic resources. And I love that I had to fill out the order form in pen and send it in with a check. When you’re ready to plant your own fruit trees, they have a great selection of cold-hardy fruits!","type":"post","parentId":6},{"date":"Tue, 16 Jul 2013 17:55:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"mercedes yedek parca","authorUrl":"http://www.mercedesyedekparcalari.com/","diffbotUri":"post|3|-1983186482","html":"

I have been browsing online more than 4 hours

today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.

It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":8,"text":"I have been browsing online more than 4 hours
today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.","type":"post"},{"date":"Tue, 16 Jul 2013 21:11:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"homesteadhoney","authorUrl":"http://homesteadhoney.wordpress.com","diffbotUri":"post|3|-1725612137","html":"

Thanks for the kind words!

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":9,"text":"Thanks for the kind words!","type":"post","parentId":8},{"date":"Thu, 25 Jul 2013 04:33:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"alexjuvion","authorUrl":"http://alexjuvion.wordpress.com","diffbotUri":"post|3|544921213","html":"

Nice blog..Thanks for sharing great info of tree.

Kep it up…

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":10,"text":"Nice blog..Thanks for sharing great info of tree.
Kep it up…","type":"post"},{"date":"Fri, 26 Jul 2013 12:08:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"homesteadhoney","authorUrl":"http://homesteadhoney.wordpress.com","diffbotUri":"post|3|125426685","html":"

Thanks so much for stopping by!

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":11,"text":"Thanks so much for stopping by!","type":"post","parentId":10},{"date":"Tue, 11 Mar 2014 15:48:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Anna@Green Talk","authorUrl":"http://www.green-talk.com","diffbotUri":"post|3|919844347","html":"

Like the stick idea. Be sure not to overwater the fruit trees as they grow. I lost one because I worried it wasn’t getting enough water.

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":12,"text":"Like the stick idea. Be sure not to overwater the fruit trees as they grow. I lost one because I worried it wasn’t getting enough water.","type":"post"},{"date":"Tue, 11 Mar 2014 20:48:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Teri Page says","diffbotUri":"post|3|255310455","html":"

Yes, I have read that too. Thanks for the reminder!

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":13,"text":"Yes, I have read that too. Thanks for the reminder!","type":"post","parentId":12},{"date":"Tue, 11 Mar 2014 15:59:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Ian","diffbotUri":"post|3|1442926241","html":"

Nice article, short, sharp and to the point. One word of advice I would like to give. When planting anything, especially trees and bushes, make the hole square not round. This makes it easier for the roots to break out and the plant will become established more quickly. Happy homesteading.

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":14,"text":"Nice article, short, sharp and to the point. One word of advice I would like to give. When planting anything, especially trees and bushes, make the hole square not round. This makes it easier for the roots to break out and the plant will become established more quickly. Happy homesteading.","type":"post"},{"date":"Tue, 11 Mar 2014 20:47:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Teri Page says","diffbotUri":"post|3|-396087724","html":"

Thanks for the tip!

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":15,"text":"Thanks for the tip!","type":"post","parentId":14},{"date":"Tue, 19 Apr 2016 07:30:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Mai says","diffbotUri":"post|3|1803690715","html":"

Well done! Good luck on your endeavors!


I did get some info on fertilizer from a large, reputable nursery that i thought to share….


From AC Nursery in Aspers, PA:

“We do not encourage putting fertilizer in the hole at planting. More young trees die from over-fertilizing than anything else. We recommend fertilizer application 4-5 weeks after planting. No more than 4 ounces of 10-10-10 fertilizer should be applied around the drip line of each tree. Do not apply directly against the base of the tree. Allow the roots to grow to the fertilizer.” M Britt

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":16,"text":"Well done! Good luck on your endeavors!
I did get some info on fertilizer from a large, reputable nursery that i thought to share….
From AC Nursery in Aspers, PA:
“We do not encourage putting fertilizer in the hole at planting. More young trees die from over-fertilizing than anything else. We recommend fertilizer application 4-5 weeks after planting. No more than 4 ounces of 10-10-10 fertilizer should be applied around the drip line of each tree. Do not apply directly against the base of the tree. Allow the roots to grow to the fertilizer.” M Britt","type":"post"},{"date":"Thu, 21 Apr 2016 16:58:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Teri Page says","diffbotUri":"post|3|-1375951741","html":"

Thank you for sharing!!

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":17,"text":"Thank you for sharing!!","type":"post","parentId":16},{"date":"Wed, 25 May 2016 18:27:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"leslie says","diffbotUri":"post|3|-2147439269","html":"

One of the things we did with our trees was to create hugel mounds below the trees. These catch the rain water and can shade the root system. Another great investment is elderberry bushes. You can make a medicinal tea out of the flowers and an amazing syrup or jelly from the berries.

","pageUrl":"http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/","id":18,"text":"One of the things we did with our trees was to create hugel mounds below the trees. These catch the rain water and can shade the root system. Another great investment is elderberry bushes. You can make a medicinal tea out of the flowers and an amazing syrup or jelly from the berries.","type":"post"},{"date":"Wed, 25 May 2016 21:02:00 GMT","humanLanguage":"en","author":"Teri Page says","diffbotUri":"post|3|1867081164","html":"

Thanks for the tips, Leslie! We also planted many elderberry bushes, and they are thriving!


Original article and pictures take http://homestead-honey.com/2013/04/22/planting-fruit-trees/ site


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